Local Call For Death (1979)   18 comments

I expressed in an earlier post disappointment that most games in the adventure genre copied their model from Crowther and Woods meaning we didn’t get as many odd experiments as early CRPGs.

However, there is one person who seems to have gone completely his own way: Robert Lafore.

He wrote five games in an “Interactive Fiction” series published by Adventure International (the Scott Adams company) which are unlike most anything from the era.

Interactive Fiction 1: Six Micro Stories (1980)
Interactive Fiction 2: Local Call for Death (1979)
Interactive Fiction 3: Two Heads of the Coin (1979)
Interactive Fiction 4: His Majesty’s Ship Impetuous (1980)
Interactive Fiction 5: Dragons of Hong Kong (1981)

The dates are very definite because they show up in the source code from the author himself. It appears Six Micro Stories was written third, even though it was published as if it were first. The ad copy suggests it is a good introduction to the format, although I find it weirder and more experimental than the 1979 games.

Speaking of the ad copy, I think it’s interesting enough to reproduce in full. This is from the Summer 1980 Adventure International catalog; keep in mind this is not referencing their entire library of adventure games, but just these Robert Lafore creations.

Interactive Fiction is story-telling using a computer, so that you, the reader, can actually take part in the story instead of merely reading.

The computer sets the scene with a fictional situation, which you read from the CRT. Then, you become a character in the story: when it’s your turn to speak you type in your response. The dialogue of the other characters and even the plot will depend on what you say.

No. In a game the situation is rigidly defined and you can select from only a limited number of responses. But in Interactive Fiction you can say anything you like to the other characters. (Of course if your response is too bizarre they may not understand you.)

Interactive Fiction is the artform of the future. Just as the birth of the novel had to await the invention of the printing press, so does the widespread use of micro-computers make possible Interactive Fiction.

In all previous literature the information flow was one-directional: from the work (novel, story or poem), to the reader. Now the computer provides the medium to change this. The reader, instead of merely absorbing it, can now influence the story, explore it in his own way, become a part of it. The story will be different each time, blending the imaginations of reader and writer. And this is only the beginning. Technology will soon permit Interactive Fiction to become a verbal medium, as synthesized speech and speech recognition techniques eliminate the need for typing and reading. The user will be able to actually speak with the other characters in the story. Later, holography and animation will permit the user to “see” the characters he is talking with and we will have Interactive Movies!

Don’t miss this opportunity to participate in the birth of a new artistic medium.

For the game I’m going to be discussing:

Local Call for Death is a detective story in the style of Lord Peter Whimsey. Considerably more challenging than the above program [referring to Six Micro Stories], this one will put your analytic skills (and social savoir-faire) to the test.

The Scott Adams adventure games show up earlier in the catalog. Esentially, the writer(s) of the catalog considered the concept of Interactive Fiction an entirely different idea than adventure games.

So, back to the game — it feels like an evolutionary route from the genre of “solve it yourself” mysteries that date back to at least 1929 with Ellery Queen’s The Roman Hat Mystery. I was also reminded while playing it of reading one of the old Two-Minute Mysteries books.

All responses are “open prompt” where you are essentially typing what the main character says.


Later on, the game is even very picky that conversations have in complete sentences. I admit this won me over and had me role-playing reasonable wodges of text, even though I am certain (via the most advanced AI a TRS-80 can muster) the game was simply responding to key words.

To start the game off, though you are prompted for a name, gender, and background location


and then thrown into a setting that tries very hard to be British.


There’s the occasional prompt for verisimilitude (asking what you do in America, and if you play bridge) but otherwise the opening scene runs on a straight track.

Later there’s a crime scene:


At this point you are allowed to type single words corresponding to examining items in the scene. (Hint: Type ROOM to go back to looking at the whole room if you get stuck.) This gives a feel of an actual investigation.


I shall quibble that about half the words I tried were unrecognized, but this section was otherwise solid. Then Sir Colin starts asking you probing questions. This is where the complete sentences come in. You have to attempt to logically justify various arguments about who did the crime and what the evidence is.


And part of the time, the magic worked — I typed a totally logical argument, and Sir Colin not only understood it the way I meant but it advanced the plot.


There were also times here I struggled to communicate, but it honestly wasn’t as bad as some guess-the-verb experiences I’ve had (typing >GET UP from the opening room of The Count still burns). If you struggle for too long Sir Colin will even prompt you with suggestions.

There are also moments where you will be prompted to go back to examining the scene to help make more deductions.

I am intentionally being a little vague with spoilers (please note the game makes the identity of the murderer terribly obvious, so I’m not spoiling there, the proof is the hard part) because this game was enjoyable enough I’d recommend it for playing. (I’m quite serious — I was shocked by how good it is.) Even though it’s a circa-1979 TRS-80 game there is fortunately an easy way to play:

Click here

When asks for date, just hit ENTER. Then type BASIC, and ENTER again. There will be two prompts (“How many files?” and “Memory Size?”) where you can hit ENTER leaving them blank. Finally, type RUN “STORY” and ENTER one last time. Things will take a moment to load.

There is no save game feature so give yourself about an hour before you sit down with it. You’ll want to take notes.

The end is worth getting to — Sir Colin does a very satisfying period-mystery-appropriate spiel where he lays out all the facts.


If you like the era, Christopher Huang has very recently written two interactive fiction mystery games set in the same era (and a traditional book, if that’s more your style).

Peterkin Investigates


Posted August 4, 2016 by Jason Dyer in Interactive Fiction

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18 responses to “Local Call For Death (1979)

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  1. Interesting, I always assumed “interactive fiction” was coined by the Infocom marketing department. Do you think Robert Lafore came up with the term? Or Scott Adams? Or did it predate this catalog?

  2. Jason, thanks for spotlighting the Lafore games. I hadn’t heard of them afore. Six Micro Stories is weird, yes, but, like Local Call, it showcases the effort that Lafore put into anticipating a seemingly wide range of possible player input. That’s what makes a parser satisfying to use, I think, but it must be hard work to implement. I thought that the bit in Six Micro Stories where you’re in your final comp sci PhD interview and have to answer a “Liberal Arts” question was particularly clever.

  3. Pingback: Two Heads of the Coin (1979) | Renga in Blue

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  6. I just played through this. It’s absolutely astonishing that this is from 1979 — and amazing that it managed to pack in so much text. Superb work that anticipates many subsequent developments. Thank you for digging it out!

    (That said, I think I would have been disappointed back in 1980 to have paid my $15 or so, and then finish the game in forty minutes or so. But in 2017, paying nothing, that’s not a problem!)

    • Yeah, this one floored me.

      There might be some effect in early games of *any* sort of experience being worth the price – kind of like people paying to see early movies that were just the equivalent of modern home videos, but not being disappointed. A lot of much less substantial games were selling for the same price.

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  12. Quick update here — something changed on the willus site so the link doesn’t work quite the same way anymore, so I had to change to a slightly more complex startup (but you can still play online). I’ve changed the instructions and the link to match.

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  14. Pingback: Dragons of Hong Kong (1981) | Renga in Blue

  15. Ah, it seems the version linked has some error on the disk. If you use one of the other versions (the one that worked for me is 6617 and has ?-a+-12+-p+6617+q=LaFore at the end of the URL) it should play just fine. That was a remarkably fun experience.

    Daniel Stelzer

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