Escape from Colditz (1981)   22 comments

The original Crowther and Woods adventure hits above its weight class. It has all the sloppy edges of an innovator, but there’s a tactile atmosphere lacking in most of the imitations that follow, and I theorize that this is due to the original being based on the actual Colossal Cave in Kentucky, closely enough that it is possible to match the map of the game to the cave. It’s awful easy to link rooms called “cave” together just out of one’s imagination, but harder to match the character of the WINDOW ON PIT, or Y2, or the HALL OF MISTS, all real locations.

The strength of coding and reasonable puzzles didn’t hurt, either, but my general point is that a certain grounding in reality can elevate what otherwise would be a mundane room location.

The TRS-80 game Escape from Colditz by Stuart Wilkinson is based on a board game, and the board game was made with consultation of someone (Pat Reid) who lived the experience. So for what qualities the game has, it automatically gets some via the same grounding in reality as Colossal Cave.

Unfortunately — and I regret to inform you, given I wrote two posts worth of buildup — in most other respects, the game is very, very, bad.

At least the title screen is a good rendition of the castle.

The instructions state


and that before an escape attempt can begin, you need to collect an “escape kit” consisting of a compass, document, map, uniform, and meal. (Compare with the rules for the board game: “The Escape Kit consists of Civilian Disguises, Magnetic Compass, Food, false documents, maps, and money (Reichmarks). For the purpose of this game, documents, maps, and money have been combined together, providing a total of four components to be collected.”)

The opening screen is above. Notice: no room exits, and more or less no description. This holds throughout the entire game. The only way to find out an exit works is to try it out, and even then you may not know, because the game simply reprints the room description if going a direction fails instead of stating outright a particular move is impossible. We’ve seen this before in Arnstein’s Haunted House, which compounded the problem by putting two identical rooms next to each other (so you couldn’t tell you had changed rooms!) Escape from Colditz repeats the same trick.

The Theatre is three rooms. I only found this out very late in my playthrough. I had entered the westmost room, and then tested the exits by typing GO EAST, GO SOUTH, and GO WEST, which of course looped me back to where I started without realizing I was changing rooms! This meant I missed the eastmost room (with a ladder) altogether.

I had found a PASS CARD, a COMPASS, a MEAL, and a TAG that read “DER BEUTELMAUS” fairly early but I was otherwise stuck. I knew I likely needed to go north of the APPEL


but I was stuck trying “password” phrases, including various permutations of DER BEUTELMAUS. I finally broke down and looked up hints, to find that the prompt was being a continuation of the parser, and rather than the prompt being for what the player would say in response to the guard’s question, it was asking for another parser command, one that had to be typed in exactly.


Bravo, game: you found a brand new way to be awful.

Once I made it by the guard I found a KEY and some DOCUMENTS. Combined with the COMPASS and MEAL I was lacking before, I just needed a MAP and UNIFORM.

For the map, I needed to win another epic struggle of getting the computer to understand me.

The MAP is past this door in a tunnel.

For the missing uniform, the game here invokes another nearly unique bad trope, one I’ve only seen in the original Dog Star Adventure. In the earliest type-in version, that game had a supply room where you had to guess at what the room contained and just try to GET stuff (like a BLASTER) and hope you were lucky.

Once I had my uniform disguise, I was able to stride back through with the pass card and make a beeline for the front gate.

Here we come up to the second-to-worst part: there is only a 50% chance the action above will work. (No doubt attempting to invoke the randomness of the board game.) If the action fails, you lose, with no indication it was random chance that did you in.

And yes, I did say second-to-worst. That’s because there’s an entirely different escape route. You remember the ladder from the theater? You can use that plus a rope to try to climb over a wall, but you always get caught, 100% of the time. (This is after going through the work of collecting an escape kit.) You can check Dale Dobson’s writeup for more detail. (He calls it a “bug” but I’m not so sure the game isn’t just trying to be cruel here.)

Looping back to my introduction, despite all the suffering, there is an interesting setting buried in here. The real Colditz has plenty of tunnels and obscure nooks and crannies via the centuries of history, the board game replicates the same thing, and the TRS-80 game tries to do the same. It’s legions off my being able to recommend it to anyone, but there were still moments, like when I first went underground, or I first stepped in the Chapel, that I felt the distant wonder of adventure games.

I did mention last time there were nine Colditz-inspired adventures — here are the other eight in chronological order —

Colditz (Hans-Peter Ponten, 1981, in Dutch)
Colditz Adventure (Superior Software, 1983)
Colditz! (LVL Software, 1983)
Castle Colditz (Felix Software, 1984)
Colditz (Phipps Associates, 1984)
Mission Secrète A Colditz (CPC, 1985, in French)
Colditz Escape (Adventure Probe, 1986)
Colditz (Uto, 2010, in Spanish)

— and yes, the existence of the Dutch Colditz means it may have come first, but I have a few question marks to resolve with that game before I can say more.

Having gone through mounds of research for a profoundly terrible TRS-80 game, I can say there is good reason why Colditz spawned so many adventures; everything is naturally self-contained, the plot is clear and dramatic, and the interaction for most escapes was based mainly on cleverness-with-items rather than smooth-talking the guards (see: Reid’s failure to bribe a guard in his first escape attempt). It also used to be part of the cultural landscape; there was a time the name Colditz gave instant recognition.

And perhaps it still has instant recognition now in some places? A question I put to my trusty readers.

An 1828 painting of Colditz Castle by Ernst Ferdinand Oehme.

Captain Yule also arranged music for the prisoners’ orchestra. The strains often drowned out preparations for breakouts or distracted guards when escapes were in progress. On one occasion, the music started or stopped to signal two escaping prisoners on the whereabouts of sentries who were in view of the prisoner musicians. And a space below the theater stage was used by four escapees as an exit toward passageways leading to freedom.

From the obituary for Lt. Col. Jimmy Yule who died in 2001. As a prisoner at Colditz, he operated a hidden radio. The secret radio room was discovered in 1993 (!) and still had Yule’s old codebook. It included a poem: “Back in London, here we are / Back to clubs and caviar. / Back to Covent Garden’s fruits, / Back to 50-shilling suits.”

Posted April 28, 2020 by Jason Dyer in Interactive Fiction

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22 responses to “Escape from Colditz (1981)

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  1. You’re dead right on the original Adventure, though. I must have played dozens of technically better games, but nothing — not even Zork — sticks in the memory quite like the original. And it’s not as though that’s the first adventure I played, I did get to it until I had written three or four of my own. I think the ties to real geography is indeed what does it.

    • Do you remember what your first adventure game was?

      (My first _commercial_ one was Adventure, in the Golden Oldies Volume 1 collection, but I’m fairly certain I mucked about with type-ins from library books before that. I never finished Adventure until I wrote about it here at this blog.)

  2. I really think that more than geographic fidelity, the key reason of the atmosphere of these games is your own imagination, probably more prone to fill the gaps in the first adventure games played.

    Anyway, my first adventure game was Dracula, from CRL Software, on a Spectrum 128k circa 1985.

  3. Unrelated to anything in this article specifically, what is the program you use to make your maps?

  4. It’s frustrating that there’s no descriptions of the room contents, but is it really that much of a stretch to expect the player to guess at there being a uniform in a laundry?

    • Looking at reverse after the problem has already been solved, it seems semi-reasonable.

      I’d argue the problem is essentially a user-interface one. Nearly zero adventure games expect you to pick up an item that is not visible (they’ll at least require examining something). The only exceptions I can think of other than the first edition of Dog Star are the Phoenix games that have literally invisible items, but that’s a different conceptual scenario. Here, the *only* way to achieve the right interaction is to GET SOMETHING where you’re just guessing a *specific* object is there.

      If there was some rule established beforehand (via a more explicit puzzle) I could maybe see the uniform puzzle working, but there still would be better ways of doing it.

  5. I wonder if the orientation of the rooms and their descriptions matches that of the board game board? Is it possible to use it to play along, and maybe fill in the blanks as to how the rooms are laid out and why items may be found in certain areas? (a card for a uniform may be found in the laundry for example).

    • While the map placement isn’t exact, you are correct that the laundry is a specific place on the board game you can get a disguise, so I could see someone using knowledge of one to help solve the other.

  6. I wonder if this is the same game as the 1981 Escape from Colditz reviewed in C&VG Issue 2, for the Sharp MZ-80K

    • It is different. The item list isn’t the same and you don’t bribe any guards in the TRS-80 one.

      I remember looking for a copy of the Sharp one but coming up empty; I didn’t try too hard, though.

  7. Hi Jason, I just wrote up an article on “Colditz” in French, which you list at the end of your article:

    It was written by its author, Marcel Le Jeune, in 1980 or maybe 1981, while he was stationed as a military in West Germany. He gave it to a few friends, but never published it, instead using it to show any guests at his house. A few years later, he retired from the military, and became editor-in-chief of a couple magazines, including “CPC Magazine”, a historic French CPC magazine. The CPC BASIC listing was given and discussed over no fewer than 6 issues in 1985. Interestingly, it was also adapted for the Oric Atmos and published as a listing in Théoric in September 85.

    Anyway, it’s, I believe, the first original text adventure in French :) I had the opportunity to interview the author in 2019 and he was a very interesting guy.

    • Nice!

      I’m going to put it on my queue to play soon. It will likely be a newly found variant of Adventure first, then this. From reading your article it sounds like the CPC version is the same, so unless you happen to have it in TRS-80 form already I’ll just play the CPC one which I have already set up.

      • The TRS-80 version is actually lost: Marcel Le Jeune had it on tape for his expanded TRS-80 but doesn’t have it anymore, and he copied it for a few friends but who knows what came of that. He still had the original TRS-80 listing in 1985 and gave it to one of his writers, Stéphane Cloirec, to convert in CPC BASIC. He told me the CPC version was “the same”, whatever that means; at the very least the map and the parser did not change. Maybe he tweaked a puzzle, but I doubt it. (He was disillusioned with text adventures after making “Colditz” because nobody could solve it; I doubt he would have gone back to it in 1985 to change the game’s design. Maybe Cloirec added something, but it’s unlikely; it sounded like a case of getting something out from an old drawer to dust it off and publish it.)

        So yeah, play the CPC or the Oric version, they’re probably the same as the TRS-80 version. There’s a walkthrough available in CPC n°8, which can be found on Don’t forget to type “merde” several times, I think there’s varying responses :)

  8. Just doing a bit of (random) additional research into this game, in response to a FB query, so I thought I’d flag up that it appears to have been (first?) published as a type-in in issue 11 of Computer & Video Games magazine in 1982. See the link…

    There is a Spectrum version in the archives but, as it doesn’t make any reference to Mr Wilkinson, I’m going to presume that it is unauthorised and just an unofficial rip-off of the C&VG listing… although I’m looking for any evidence of official publication.

    • (The published program listing itself lists the date of creation as June 1981)

    • I should check sometime if the code with the exit-that-always-kills-you matches that of the printed source code. There’s been errors before where the copy floating about the Internet clearly typed from source code and made a typo.

      • I wouldn’t be surprised if there are errors… There are at least two different “typed-in” versions floating around on the Internet, with one more broken than the other apparently. There is also a (presumably unofficial) Spectrum port which is so bug-ridden that you need to break into the program just to get the instructions to appear.

        Coincidentally, I’ve just randomly been researching Dutch adventures today, and came across references to the Hans-Peter Ponten Colditz game you mentioned in the blog post… and then also discovered a Dutch port of the Stuart Wilkinson Colditz for C64 (based on an earlier Vic 20 port?).

        Research is ongoing on that and also the Hans-Peter Ponten game, which I’ve been unable to locate a copy of… but which the author intriguingly suggests was translated and passed around and sold in a pirated English form.

  9. Following a bit of further investigation by the community, CASA member Alex Dijkstra has not only produced a walkthrough and map for the Dutch version of the game, he’s also worked out the fixes needed to make the English-language 2017 C64 port of the game playable and his map and walkthrough are available on the game’s page(s)…

    With his fixes, both escape routes now work.

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